European Journal of Sustainable Development en-US (Prof. Gian Paolo Caselli) (Diamantina Allushaj) Tue, 01 Jun 2021 02:59:31 +0200 OJS 60 Climate Change and Building Energy Consumption: A Review of the Impact of Weather Parameters Influenced by Climate Change on Household Heating and Cooling Demands of Buildings <p>The growth of urban population as the result of economic and industrial development has changed our place of living from a prosperous place to where the resources are carelessly consumed. On the other hand, long-term climate change, i.e. global warming, has had adverse impact on our resources. Certain resources are on the verge of&nbsp;depletion as the consequence of climate change and inconsiderate consumption of resources, unless serious measures are implemented immediately. The building sector, whose share in the municipal energy consumption is considerably high, is a key player that may successfully solve the problem. This paper aims to study the effects of climate change on the energy consumption of buildings and analyze its magnitude to increase the awareness of how construction can reduce the overall global energy consumption. A descriptive-analytical&nbsp;method has been applied to analyze valid models of energy consumption according to different scenarios and to interpret the conditions underlying current and future energy consumption of buildings. The results clearly show that the energy consumption in the building sector increasingly depends on the cooling demand. With that being said, we can expect the reduction of overall energy consumption of buildings in regions with high heating demands, whereas rising the energy consumption in buildings is expected in regions with high cooling demand. To conclude, the long-term climate change (e.g. global warming) underlies the increased energy consumption for the cooling demand whose share in total energy consumption of buildings much outweighs the heating demand. Therefore, to conserve our resources, urban energy planning and management should focus on working up a proper framework of guidelines on how to mitigate the cooling loads in the energy consumption patterns of buildings.</p> Hassan Bazazzadeh, Adam Nadolny, Seyedeh Sara Hashemi Safaei Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 User's Need in Architectural Spaces Development, Existing Kitchen Design in Northern Cyprus <p>This paper examines the kitchens' evolution throughout history and the increasing interest of architects in the kitchen space to meet user needs. The method of studying this paper is part of a research project that reviews a series of changes in the architecture of kitchen spaces in the past 100 years, with a focus on the types of kitchen that have been used and how to develop them over time according to the dimensions of the space and the needs of the user. This paper shows the importance of user needs in architectural kitchen design development. The study focuses on modern kitchens and their types according to the available kitchen dimensions. The case study is centered on how the user needs to influence the design of an existing kitchen, Northern Cyprus.</p> Rasha Moree Tarboush, Çilen Erçin Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Regional Environmental Systems as a Driver of Innovative Economy in Ukraine <p>Nowadays, the concept of innovative development is a generally accepted approach to promoting social and economic development paradigm both at global and national level. However, the rapid changes in external and internal conditions in relation to science and innovation caused the need to integrate innovative priorities with environmental imperatives to support sustainable development of modern society. Thereby, the above-mentioned tendencies are also highly widespread at local (regional) level, because both innovation and environmental practices play an essential role for social development, economic growth, improved productivity and competitiveness, and improved quality of life. Thereby, research problem lays upon the regional environmental systems and their influence at innovative development in Ukraine. The paper aims to provide scientific support on environmental systems development and their connection with innovative development indicators at the regional level. The research methodology is based on official statistical data on Ukrainian economy innovativeness analysis during the last ten years. The environmental component is analyzed at the regional level that allowed us to rank Ukrainian regions in accordance with the level of their environmental responsibility, propose a measure of transformation to their strategies. As the result, the groups of regional environmental strategies were defined in accordance with criteria of their effectiveness and need of transformation. Thus, the research highlights the special status of environmental economy, based on its specific characteristics and influences at innovative development, including network effects, the ability to convert environmental and innovative benefits into significant social effects, hybrid and multiplicative.</p> Iuliia Gernego, Liudmyla Petrenko, Mykhailo Dyba, Serhii Onikienko Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Economic Integration of the Visegrad Four and Ukraine in the Context of Historical Narratives and Global Challenges <p>The article reveals the historical preconditions for the development of economic integration of Ukraine and the Visegrad Four from the standpoint of challenges relevant to the region of Central and Eastern Europe. The co-existence of the Rus’ people (ancient Ukrainians) with the Czech, Polish, Hungarian and Slovak ethnic groups is outlined, highlighting the significant events. They are presented in the context of building good neighbourly relations through overcoming contradictions. V4 is considered as an association of new political and economic order within the framework of European integration processes. The routes of economic integration of Ukraine and V4 have been assessed, revealing that this process is mainly limited to import operations and excludes real sector of the economy. A concept is developed for the V4+UA economic space, specifying the creation of a regionally integrated machine industry with fragmented production within a global-scale network and high added value.</p> Yevhen Savelyev, Mariia Lyzun, Vitalina Kuryliak, Ihor Lishchynskyy Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Evaluation of Environmental Awareness of University Students: the Case of the University of Presov, Slovakia <p>At present, all components of the environment are burdened by human activities. These human activities have caused many environmental problems, and without appropriate measures, they will have other far-reaching consequences in the future, which may be irreversible. One of the basic measures for the sustainable future of the environment and human society is to build the environmental awareness of the population. In addition to other entities, universities and their students and graduates have an important role in this process. The study focuses on the evaluation and comparison of environmental awareness and its factors among students of the University of Presov in Presov, Slovakia. Based on the results of this research, social networks and the internet are used as the main source of environmental information and should be used as a means of raising environmental awareness among students. The students of the University of Presov achieved high environmental awareness within the cognitive and emotional factors of environmental awareness, but they achieved only moderate environmental awareness within the behavioral factor. There were no significant differences in the level of environmental awareness between male and female students at the University of Presov. From the point of view of the group of study fields variable, significant differences were found in the emotional and behavioral factors of environmental awareness, with students of "Humanities" and "Natural Sciences, Mathematics and Informatics" achieving the highest scores and students of "Social, Economic and Legal Sciences" and "Healthcare" achieving the lowest scores.</p> Roman Novotný, Emília Huttmanová, Tomáš Valentiny, Anna Kalistová Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Cultural Sustainability and the SDGs: Strategies and Priorities in the European Union Countries <p>This research aims to analyze how the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are included in the EU cultural policies and which are the priorities of the European Union (EU) in the cultural sustainability’s agenda. We performed a content analysis of the EU Countries’ cultural policies, evaluating the grade of inclusion of the SDGs. The conclusions show that the EU cultural policies, although not explicitly, include the SDGs in the definition of their strategies, policies, projects and actions. Specifically, eight of the seventeen SDGs are included in relation to the following interdisciplinary topics: Cultural and Natural Heritage (SDG11), Cultural Education (SDG 4), Cultural Diversity (SDG 4), Social Inclusion (SDG 10), Information Access (SDG 16), Cooperation with other institutions (SDG 17), Environment (SDG 13), Economic Growth (SDG 8) and Gender Equality (SDG 5). Topics’ priorities are generally commonly defined in the different EU countries.</p> Susanna Ferran Vila, Giorgia Miotto, Josep Rom Rodríguez Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Architectural and Urban Education in Egypt in the Post Covid-19 Pandemic <p>Quality of education is a global Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) to be achieved by the united nations by 2030. The covid-19 pandemic resulted in a significant problem in education worldwide and Egypt with problems related to the shift to distance learning and accessibility to technology and facilities supporting this shift. This paper aims to contribute to the currently ongoing research that asses the changes in architecture and urban education due to the Coronavirus pandemic, including the shift to distance learning in the practical courses that initially need studio work. The state of distance education via the Internet is difficult for architectural teaching curricula. Most studio environment courses require in-class follow-up. In developing countries like Egypt, not all architecture schools are equipped to move to e-learning, and most have not dealt with this before. This paper assesses student satisfaction and analyzes the entire process of distance learning in practical architectural courses during the coronavirus pandemic in Egypt. the research applies a quantitative and qualitative approach. A questionnaire was designed and distributed; 304 students from 17 Egyptian schools of architecture responded. A survey and series of interviews were completed among twelve schools of architecture in Egypt to analyze their responses during the crises and study the shift to e-learning in teaching the practical courses. The paper shows that the psychological effect and working solo from home have affected the students the most. There is a need to solve the internet problems, train the staff and the students to use the online tools for virtual classes, and provide a stable e-learning platform. The future of the traditional studio environment is under questioning. This study responds to the urgent need to evaluate the effect of Covid-19 on architecture education and to question the studio environment in the future to achieve a sustainable higher education in schools of architecture in Egypt.</p> Sara Elrawy, Doaa Abouelmagd Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Quality of Financial Reporting of the Enterprise: Evaluation Methodology <p>The article substantiates the necessity of carrying out the assessment of the quality of financial reporting of the enterprise with the purpose of inserting the level of its information filling to the needs of users and increasing their confidence in the institute of accounting. Proceeding from it theoretical and methodological positions of estimation of quality of the financial reporting on the basis of use of the theory of qualimetry are developed. The proposed model covers three consecutive stages, which provide for the description of the process of assessing the quality of financial reporting, the formation of a system of indicators for assessing the quality of financial reporting and determining the scale of their assessment, the quantitative assessment of qualitative properties of financial reporting, the analysis of the results of assessing the quality of financial reporting and management decisions. It is grounded that practical application of the developed method of assessment of financial reporting quality in contrast to the existing methods allows the development of separate models of assessment of financial reporting quality taking into account the needs of specific groups of users of accounting information and in accordance with the priority of qualitative properties of financial reporting defined by them.</p> Nataliia Pravdiuk, Valerii Bondarenko, Vitalii Pokynchereda, Olga Timchenko Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Landscape in Historical Urban Textures: “Walled City Nicosia From the Past To The Present” <p>Historical urban textures are the whole of the open and closed public spaces with the buildings and transportation axis, shaped by the cultural heritages of cities. One of the most important elements in historical urban textures, bringing dwellers with nature, and giving life to the city, are landscape spaces.&nbsp; The capital of Cyprus, Nicosia, also has a very rich historical texture. Within this context, the aim of this study is to examine the landscape of the historical urban texture of Nicosia from the past to the present, within the whole of various cultural periods including the present day status.&nbsp; Therefore, the development of Nicosia through the historical process is given right after the introduction.&nbsp; After the introduction, landscape of walled city of Nicosia was examined through the historical periods: Lusignan Period, Venetian Period, Ottoman Period, British Period, Republic of Cyprus Period, and the present day period, TRNC Period.</p> Esra Köksald, Zihni Turkan, Buket Asilsoy Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Comparative Analysis of the Changes of Socioeconomic Risks Caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in Ukraine and the EU Countries <p>The unwillingness of the health care system of different countries to counteract the spread of the COVID-19 virus in 2020 caused the introduction of quarantine restrictions by many countries, which had both positive and negative socioeconomic consequences. The economic consequences include the decrease in production and income of enterprises of almost all types of economic activity, increase in the number of unprofitable enterprises, closure and temporary suspension of small and medium-sized businesses, decline in real GDP. The economic consequences have led to the increase in intensity and manifestation of negative social consequences, including the increase in unemployment and social insecurity, scale and level of citizen poverty, decline in incomes and loss of working time. Influenced by the social and economic negative factors hindering sustainable development, caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, socioeconomic risks in the social and labor sphere have intensified. The article suggests the methodological support for assessing the change of socioeconomic risks in the system of social and labor relations in Ukraine and the EU countries using quantitative assessment methods. The comparison of risks in the social and labor sphere of different countries allows to choose the prioritized directions of influence and effective tools to control and counteract the manifestation of risks, taking into account the experience of other countries.</p> Olga Novikova, Olena Khandii, Larisa Shamileva Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Indirect Impact of Segregation Wall on the Investment in Renewable Energy in Palestine <p>Segregation wall played a pivotal role in making the renewable energy sector in Palestine insecure. This study assesses the direct and indirect effects of the Segregation Wall on investment in renewable energy in Palestine. Elucidate the possibility of confronting the policy of imposing unilateral sovereignty and clarifying the depth of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict over energy sector and renewable energy sector by separating residential complexes, which exacerbated the economic problems in various governorates. The study also showed that the Palestinians are highly dependent on the Israeli occupation in the energy sector, which makes the idea of dependence of the Israeli occupation economy. The historical approach has been used to follow up the Israeli occupation policy in the energy sector, in addition to using the descriptive approach and analyzing the investment policy in renewable energy sector. The construction of 771km wall forced more than 41% of the Palestinians to abandon the lands that were confiscated from the lands close to the segregation wall, the wall confiscated many mountainous areas in West Bank that could be used to operate wind turbines. In addition to that 47.6% of Palestinian families lost their local source of income due to the construction of the segregation Wall, and the occupation authorities have demolished and closed many economic establishments near the segregation wall. The study recommended the importance of developing strategic plans by governmental and non-governmental agencies to promote investment in renewable energy, as the wall caused the demolition and closure of many economic institutions, which contributed to an increase in the poverty rate, which made it difficult to invest in renewable energy.</p> Husain Alsamamra, Jawad Shoqeir, Feras Zeade Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Ensuring the Economic Security of Ukraine in the Aspect of the Association Agreement Between the EU <p>The study characterizes economic security as a set of conditions that are necessary to ensure the normal economic development of the country and restore the gap in development in comparison with European countries during Ukraine's integration into the EU. It is shown that ensuring economic security is an important function of the state. The problem of economic security arises not only from the definition of the internal policy of the state, but also determines the issues of foreign strategy. The necessity of calculating the main safety criteria has been proved, allowing to anticipate possible dangers, determine potential current and future damage and take preventive measures. Stability and development require a dynamic approach to solving the problem of economic security. This is mainly due to the rapid change in indicators of economic security and indicators with a change in the operating conditions of international, political, economic, market and other systems. The urgency of solving the problems of economic security is based on the need to get rid of the dependence of the national economy on the level of competition in world markets. This is due to the emergence of serious economic risks arising when the actual values ​​of economic security indicators go beyond the threshold levels. The current level of economic security has been investigated by calculating indicators that characterize all sectors of the national economy. The most problematic areas requiring immediate response have been identified. The presented methodology for calculating the integral indicator of the economic security of Ukraine quite accurately describes the current state of the national economy and can be practically applicable to domestic and foreign government bodies in the analysis of critical vulnerabilities of national economic security.</p> Leonid Mohilevskyi, Viktoryia Fursa, Iryna Sievidova, Mykola Komziuk, Olga Khloponina-Gnatenko, Daria Pidkopai Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Influence of Structural Processes in the Economy of Ukraine on Marketing and Logistical Processes of Domestic Enterprises <p>The article covers the study of structural processes in the economy of Ukraine, transformations in the agribusiness in accordance with current trends in the development of the market of agricultural products, which have a significant impact on marketing and logistical processes of domestic enterprises and shape the need of agricultural enterprises to expand trade relations with foreign countries.&nbsp;The article explores the structural processes in the economy of Ukraine over the period 2017-2019, transformations in the agricultural business in accordance with current trends in the development of the market of agricultural products. The domestic market of agricultural products by commodity groups "10 Cereal and puls crops", "15 Fats and oils" are explored on the basis of analysis of the indicators of structural statistics of agricultural production, sales and consumption of agricultural products, characteristics of export-import operations of domestic&nbsp;agribusiness enterprises. It is determined that structural transformations in agribusiness have a significant impact on the marketing and logistical processes of domestic enterprises and shape the need of agricultural enterprises to expand trade relations with foreign countries.&nbsp; It is substantiated that in 2020 domestic agricultural enterprises would have to work to expand exports to different countries around the world.&nbsp; However, owing to recent turmoils of international markets by the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic, large stocks of agricultural products of the commodity groups "10 Cereal and puls crops" and "15 Fats and oils" have emerged at the warehouses of domestic enterprises, so we believe that such situation requires the improvement of marketing and&nbsp;logistical management of their business activities.</p> Alona Tanasiichuk, Svitlana Kovalchuk, Galyna Otlyvanska, Zinaida Andrushkevych, Kateryna Sokoliuk Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The EU ETS Top Ten Polluters List as a Policy Tool of Climate Action Organisations <p>The EU ETS is one of the most important EC instruments to curb CO<sub>2</sub> emissions. Various climate action organisations use verified emissions data from EU ETS to calculate top EU polluters lists. These shortlists are actively used in their advocacy strategies as an evidence of national or EU-wide climate policies (under)performance to influence policymaking. However, there is no official EU ETS top ten list released by the EC what weakens the political power of this tool. Addressing possible reasons for EC’s reluctance the paper investigates the correlation between the presence of national enterprises in the EU ETS top ten list and the national climate policy actions over 2008-2019 timeframe. Despite different limitations, the EU ETS top ten is adequately reflecting main developments in national efforts to curb GHG emissions and is pointing out underperforming countries and industries covered by the EU ETS. In the variety of hard and soft EU climate policy instruments, the EU ETS top ten polluters list could feature as an information tool. It is especially important for climate action organizations, providing them with an officially released rating as a common reference point that they could use in their evaluations and political campaigns.</p> Andrei Zimakov Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Problems and Prospects of Budgetary Financing of Social Protection in Ukraine <p>The sphere of social protection of the population occupies an important place in the socio-political life of the country. For the qualitative development of the social protection system, it is necessary to ensure the priority flow of funds in this area. Budgetary funds, which are the main source of financing, are a financial guarantee for the citizens of the country to receive the necessary level of social services. The study analyzes the dynamics of financing social protection from budget funds. The problems of financial support in this area have been identified. The peculiarity of financing the system of social protection of the population in Ukraine is that it was conceptually and practically formed on the basis of a significant role of the state, thereby directing a significant part of the expenditures of budgets of all levels to this industry. The dynamics of changes in financing of social expenditures from all types of budgets of Ukraine and their structure has been investigated. Part of budget expenditures on social protection in the structure of total budget expenditures is growing much more slowly than total budget expenditures due to the stagnation of almost all of its components. In monetary terms, the gap between deductions for social protection of the population becomes even more noticeable. And although in recent years in Ukraine the size of public expenditures directed to social protection of the population has increased, many types of social benefits and allowances have turned out to be insufficiently ineffective. This increases the unproductive burden on public finances and creates significant distortions in social protection. The main directions for the further development of the sphere of social protection should be the optimization of powers for the implementation of expenditures between the authorities of all levels. Endowing local and regional authorities with revenues sufficient to finance the assigned powers through decentralization of budgetary funds will help to achieve a balance between regional and local budgets. This will help optimize the social security system and improve the quality of life of the Ukrainian population.</p> Iryna Sievidova, Tamila Oliynik, Alina Chorna, Yurii Vitkovskyi, Tetyana Kvyatko, Serhii Plyhun Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The Importance and Influence of Destination Advertising <p>The tourism industry has become a kingpin industry worldwide. The high proportion of individual travel demonstrates the need for effective advertising. In particular, there is a need to focus not so much on what motivates people to travel, but rather to influence their choice of destination. Tourism advertising, especially destination advertising, an under-investigated field of research, seems to play a significant role in influencing consumers such as future tourists.&nbsp; This paper explores the question of whether Hungarian university students are influenced by destination advertising when choosing their destinations. Using a questionnaire (N=125), this study examines the question of which advertising elements have the most significant impact on the students. Furthermore, the paper aims to find answers to these questions: How influential are media channels within the context of destination choice? Is it the language or the image which plays a crucial role in the transmission of the advertisement’s message? What might be the essential elements in the actual language used in destination advertising? The research will shed light on which particular linguistic devices increase the impact of the advertisements and which of these devices can be adapted to the Hungarian context.</p> Andrea Csapó-Horváth Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The Efficiency of Financing the Regional Smart-Specialization Strategies’ Implementation from the EU Structural Funds <p>The paper provides the empirical analysis of the efficiency of financing the regional smart-specialization strategies’ implementation from the structural funds in the context of its impact on the improvement of economic wellbeing and prevention of growing regional misbalances in the EU at the NUTS 2 level. It verifies the inverse correlation between the GRP volumes per capita in the EU Member States and the volumes of funding of the smart-specialization activities. The financial resources of the EU structural funds for the implementation of the regional smart-specialization strategies are established to be distributed on a regional basis and to be showing the signs of the aligning policy, which is a reasonable tactic from the viewpoint of the need to secure the balanced spatial development. However, the paper emphasizes that the less developed regions aren’t able to fully generate powerful innovations that would boost the economic activity in the smart-specialization domains yet.</p> Iryna Storonyanska, Maryana Melnyk, Iryna Leshchukh, Svitlana Shchehlyuk, Tetyana Medynska Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Philosophy and Practice of Education for Sustainable Development in Ukraine: On the Example of Secondary Education in the Dnipropetrovsk Region <p>The article reveals the features of introducing education for sustainable development in Ukraine, its theoretical basis and practical implementation on the example of Secondary Education in the Dnipropetrovsk region. The importance of forming an integrated developing educational environment based on the principles of education for sustainable development is proved. It determines the interdisciplinarity of the content of education for sustainable development, its high potential in creating a new type of educational environment. Methods and approaches of forming the values of sustainable development as important components of the development of life competencies of the individual are revealed.</p> Olha Vysotska, Serhii Rieznikov, Elena Rohova, Oleksandr Vysotskyi, Maryna Vatkovska Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 S-LCA Indicators as Employee Motivation Factors <p>There are a lot of factors affecting employee motivation in the company. Some of them are supported by law, while others result from voluntary activities of the company, and the way to some of them still have not been found. Our research dealt with one of the possibilities, the S-LCA indicators as employee motivation factors. The attention is usually paid to companies and their system of employee stimulation. This research is supported by in-depth literature review in the field of S-LCA. Our research addressed employees of one medium-sized company to find out what they think of the activities of their management in the area of stimulation of their employees. Using a factor analysis, we found seven basic motivation factors, i.e. Safety at Work, Fair Remuneration, Social Security and Benefits, Work Climate, Basic Rights and Freedoms, Corporate Image, and Equal Opportunity. In the context of social impacts of manufacturing on employees, individual employee groups are motivated to work in different ways.</p> Jan Vavra, Michal Patak, Jana Kostalova, Marie Bednarikova Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Human Right to Internet Access in Healthcare in the “Right to Health Concept”: Legal Issues <p>This work reveals the features of the administrative and legal regulation of the human right to access the Internet in the “concept of the right to health”. It is emphasized that the basis of the legal regulation of the human right to access the Internet in the "concept of the right to health" should be the recognition of the principles of the priority of human rights and freedoms, adequate state control, ensuring the choice of criteria that make it possible to realize accessibility, anonymity, and minimize the collection and processing of personal data about the patient. The structure of Internet relations in relation to the healthcare sector has been established, their analysis has been carried out, their object has been established. Legal constructions have been formulated: "information", "Internet" in the norms of international and national regulatory legal acts, as well as the terms "e-Health", "electronic cabinet", "electronic medical information system", the author's definition of "the right to access the Internet in the field of health care ". It has been established that the human rights to access the Internet in the “concept of the right to health” should be attributed to the fourth generation of human rights. The concept of "telemedicine" is formulated, their forms are disclosed, the stages of the evolution of legislation are established, and the problems of their legal regulation in the context of human rights are indicated. It is concluded that the consolidation of the right to access the Internet at the level of the Constitution of Ukraine is a necessity.</p> Oleksandr Shevchuk, Valentyna Zui, Ivanna Maryniv, Svitlana Davydenko, Sergii Mokhonchuk Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Teenagers and New Media: Impact on Foreign Language Proficiency and Cultural Sustainability <p>There is a wide range of evidence to support the view that new technologies serve an integral part of teenagers’ life. However, in Hungary, it seems that even though the facilities are provided in most of the educational institutions, these are not in regular use due to teachers’ lack of competence, the willingness of using them or their constant operational problems.&nbsp;Using a qualitative, small-scale study conducted in semi-structured focus group interviews (N=8) with 15 participants in five Hungarian primary schools, the study primarily aims to uncover how teenagers can relate their foreign language advancement to their use of digital devices in their free time. Furthermore, the paper examines their views on foreign language (FL) instruction supported by ICT at school as well as which digital devices and for what purposes they would preferably use them in FL classes. The study implicitly raises the issue of cultural sustainability and tries to find evidence to what extent mass culture affects the Hungarian language proficiency of students. According to the results, teenagers’ attitude towards institutional foreign language learning seems to be quite traditional, as they cannot relate their free time activities spent with digital devices to study purposes at school. Although participants are conscious about the effectiveness of ICT promoting language learning, they think that watching films, instructional videos, or working with projected tasks connected to course books are the major reasons for using digital devices for classroom purposes. Regarding cultural sustainability even within this small-scale study, there is some evidence that English as one of the most influential languages of mass culture can have an impact on the mother tongue language maintenance.</p> Boglárka Boldizsár Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Development of Entrepreneurial Initiatives in Agricultural Business: A Methodological Approach <p class="03ABSTRACT">The purpose of the study is to improve the methodological approach to taking into account critical factors for the development of entrepreneurial initiatives in agribusiness. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to: identify factors influencing the development of entrepreneurial initiatives in agribusiness; perform classification and analysis of factors in order to identify those that are critical for the development of entrepreneurial initiatives in agribusiness; specify the stages of the methodological approach to taking into account critical factors for the development of entrepreneurial initiatives in agribusiness. It is argued that entropy in the agribusiness environment can be caused by the fact that when forming decisions related to the development of entrepreneurial initiatives, the relationship between critical factors and their nature is not taken into account. It is proved that critical for the development of entrepreneurial initiatives in agribusiness are factors that are related to each other both on the basis of similarity of structure and on the basis of similarity of values that characterize these factors. It is argued that entrepreneurial initiatives in agribusiness should be based on in-depth factor analysis, the results of which exclude fluctuations in the implementation of these initiatives and prevent entropy.</p> Lesia Kucher, Svіatoslav Knіaz, Olena Pavlenko, Olesya Holovina, Oksana Shayda, Ihor Franiv, Vasyl Dzvonyk Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Making Use of Competitive Advantages of a University Education Innovation Cluster in the Educational Services Market <p>One of the major trends of the contemporary world market of educational services is the increasing role of knowledge and information in socioeconomic development, when knowledge becomes a key driver of economic prosperity and competitiveness as well as a critical factor in boosting the labour market demand for a new type of skilled workforce which gives rise to a sweeping demand for professional higher education, incrementally demanding requirements to&nbsp; Universities in terms of meeting social needs, and the globalization of the world economy. Such drastic development dynamics of University environment along with the objective escalation of competition in the area of educational services greatly affect the issues of strategic planning and University competitiveness management in the long run.</p> Ivan Gryshchenko, Lyudmila Ganushchak–Efimenko, Valeriia Shcherbak, Оlena Nifatova, Мykola Zos-Kior, Iryna Hnatenko, Liliia Martynova, Andrii Martynov Copyright (c) 2021 Tue, 01 Jun 2021 00:00:00 +0200