European Journal of Sustainable Development en-US (Prof. Gian Paolo Caselli) (Diamantina Allushaj) Mon, 01 Jun 2020 04:03:08 +0200 OJS 60 E-Learning Platforms as Leverage for Education for Sustainable Development <p>The paper is a conceptual approach to education for sustainable development using an e-learning platform. It starts from the observed reality that all education stakeholders need a learning environment where they can have access to knowledge, collaborate and share their experience, as a survey conducted among students and companies in Timisoara, Romania, region shows. The proposed multi-stakeholder environment accommodates two sections: the learning environment mostly dedicated to students, trainees, tutors and mentors and the virtual sustainability centre that is dedicated to on-line meetings, workshops, counselling, etc. Durable learning is supported by a range of written digital and multimedia resources, including pre-recorded on-line tutoring, videos and games. To engage online learners, various gamification techniques were used in the course design phase, such as recording and presenting the learner’s progress, role-playing and similar. The article presents a conceptual design of the learner’s journey and a mapping from gamification concepts to Moodle LMS elements.</p> <p><em>Keywords: E-learning, education, sustainable development, gamification, LMS</em></p> Liliana Donath, Gabriela Mircea, Tomislav Rozman Copyright (c) 2020 European Journal of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Administrative and Legal Support Challenges of Environmental Safety Under Globalization <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The article investigates the underlying challenges of administrative and legal support of environmental safety under globalization. The current globalization conditions and factors affecting the transition of environmental safety from local to a global level, which is due to globalization processes in the world and a number of global anthropogenic challenges, are analyzed. The emphasis is focused on the impact of globalization on the adoption of international treaties in the field of environmental safety. The importance of administrative and legal environmental safety at the state level for the implementation of the executed international treaties is substantiated. The obsolescence and underperformance of the current state of administrative and legal support of environmental safety in Ukraine is grounded, the necessity for its optimization is proved, the weaknesses are highlighted and the need for introducing a number of improvement directions, including propaganda of a careful attitude to the environment, is substantiated; regulatory support for the effective distribution of functions and viable mechanism for management of central and local executive authorities, local government institutions on the formation and implementation of state policy components in the field of climate change in accordance with their competence; regulatory actions of joint events and cooperation of domestic government bodies in the area of environmental safety with similar bodies of neighboring countries; implementation ensuring of the provisions of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union, the European Atomic Energy Community and their member states related to climate change; ensuring the fulfillment of Ukraine’s obligations regarding reporting on international agreements in the field of climate change, etc.</span></p> <p class="04KEYWORD"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: globalization, environmental safety, state environmental policy, legal support of environmental safety, administrative and legal support for environmental safety of Ukraine, international legal support for environmental safety</span></em></p> Volodymyr Haraschuk, Yana Zelinska, Viktoriia Spasenko, Oleksandra Shynkaruk Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Sustainability of United Nations Recruitment: An Empirical Analysis of Recent Vacancy Advertisements of United Nations Specialized Agencies <p>This paper examines the sustainability of recruitment in the United Nations (UN), the largest global inter-governmental organization working on sustainable development. It investigates the sustainability of UN recruitment on three main dimensions: remuneration and job stability; meritocracy and fairness; cost and efficiency, with the data from recent vacancy advertisements of two UN specialized agencies. The analytical results suggest that being different from the existing knowledge of UN recruitment, the job stability in UN as shown by the data is higher due to the large proportion of staff vacancies and long-term job contracts. The remunerations to UN job incumbents are high, not only because of the widely-known attractive packages which are provided referring to the highest remuneration levels of national civil service, but also due to the subsidies of working in hardship places. Also, it is found that UN specialized agencies have developed detailed competency frameworks for recruitment to ensure the meritocracy. However, due to the essential monitoring procedures, UN recruitment is often lengthy and costly. Therefore, in the dilemma of meritocracy, fairness, and efficiency in recruitment, efficiency is not highly emphasized in UN recruitment practice, in comparison with meritocracy and fairness. Practical recommendations for improving sustainability of UN recruitment are provided, but more evidence and implications are to be provided by future research.</p> <p><em>Key Words: United Nations; Recruitment; Sustainability; Meritocracy; Efficiency</em></p> Suyu Liu Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Conceptual and Legal Framework for Promotion of Education for Sustainable Development: Case Study for Ukraine <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Promoting the sustainable development is currently a key global issue posing a challenge to all of us on personal, professional and political levels. The education plays a major role in this path, in particular the education for sustainable development (ESD). The traditional one-way transfer of knowledge is no longer sufficient to inspire the students to behave as responsible citizens. This article suggests a number of competencies, which must serve as a basis for ESD, as well as application of the multiple intelligence theory as a mechanism for implementing the competencies derived by students from ESD at the basic education level. It is proved that security competencies in the broadest sense (covering all levels, from personal to the global space) should also be included in the modern educational process. As for the university education, it is required to explain the concept of "sustainability" to all specialties without exception, including the political scientists, engineers and others. This is particularly important for training of experts dealing with the economic law issues. A lack of economic analysis in modern legal studies and development of regulations results in writing and adoption of idle laws hazardous for the country. To upgrade the education system in Ukraine, it is appropriate to develop the National Strategy on Education for Sustainable Development and its implementation plan based on the global Sustainable Development Goals. It is required to switch from traditional education to the model focused on sustainable development with the underlying extensive interdisciplinary knowledge based on an integrated approach to the development of society, economy, and environment. Implementation of this strategy should consider the adaptive nature of the regional education component, in particular the economic features of a relevant region. It is important to focus on the learning processes underlying the circular economy.</span></p> <p><em>Keywords<strong>: </strong>sustainable development, society, economy, environment, circular economy, education for sustainable development, sustainability, economic law.</em></p> Hudima Tetiana, Vesta Malolitneva Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Towards Sustainable Development: Measuring Environmental Total Factor Productivity in Egypt <p>Egypt’s heavy reliance on energy- and capital-intensive industries currently hinders its drive towards achieving sustainable development goals. This paper studies environmental total factor productivity (ETFP) for ten energy-intensive industries using the Malmquist index and data envelopment analysis (DEA) for the period 2002-2014. Through incorporating CO<sub>2</sub> emissions by energy intensive industries, DEA helps identify both environmentally-efficient and inefficient industries. Findings indicate that: i) ETFP has remained almost unchanged for the 10 industries, with ‘technical progress’ improvement almost fully outweighed by an efficiency deterioration, ii) excluding the environmental component indeed yields overestimated total factor productivity (TFP). In its estimation of ETFP, the paper adds to exiting empirical literature since no similar estimation has been done for Egypt. Results may be relevant to other countries with similar industrial structures. Policy implications include the reliance on renewable sources of energy, bearing directly on the achievement of the seventh, ninth and twelfth SDG goals.</p> <p><em>Keywords: environmental total factor productivity; energy intensive industries; data envelopment analysis; Egypt</em></p> Iman Al-Ayouty, Hoda Hassaballa Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Information Component of the Environmental Policy of Ukraine: Current Status and Development Potential <p>The article emphasizes the importance of the role of the information component of the environmental policy of the modern state within the context of the reorientation of human-nature relations towards sustainable development. The existing approach of the Ukrainian lawmaking body to the determination of environmental information, the features of environmental information relations and the state-regulatory mechanism of its control are analyzed. The emphasis is placed on the existing ineffective system of collecting, analyzing, processing and transmitting information, which actually brings to naught the fairly broad rights of citizens in the environmental information sphere. A new differentiated approach is proposed to determine the structural elements of the information component of the environmental policy in Ukraine, based on which the main existing gaps of the modern state policy of Ukraine in this field are emphasized. Their solutions are proposed, among which are: the creation and organizational support of the automated information and analytical systems and other objects (sources) of providing access to environmental information; optimization of the existing procedural order for obtaining environmental information by contacting the public authorities and local governments in obtaining environmental information by the interested parties; responsibility tightening of public officials of executive and local authorities for failure to comply with the requirements of the law, for the timely provision and reliability of environmental information; adaptation of the national regulatory framework to international standards for environmental management and environmental labelling of products, etc.</p> <p><em>Keywords: information, ecology, environmental information relations, environmental policy of Ukraine, information policy of Ukraine</em>.</p> Volodymyr Haraschuk, Yana Zelinska, Viktoriia Spasenko, Ievgenii Shulga Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Deep Ecology Philosophy and Biodiversity Conservation in Nigeria’s Niger Delta <p>Biodiversity refers to the varieties, multiplicity, and diversity of life in the ecosystem. It is being lost on a daily basis in Nigeria’s Niger Delta.&nbsp; This is as a result of the environmental degradation caused by oil exploration and gas activities. In the process of drilling for oil and exploring for gas resources, the natural environment such as plants, animals and their communities is destroyed and endangered. Oil exploration activities continue unabated in the Niger Delta. There is need to combat biodiversity loss if not many of the benefits from biodiversity will be lost. With critical analysis the philosophy of deep ecology is examined and presented as having potentials to contribute to conserving biodiversity in Nigeria’s Niger Delta. The paper concludes that there is vital need to preserve biodiversity using deep ecology values.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Deep ecology, biodiversity, conservation, Niger Delta, Nigeria, and Philosophy</em></p> Mark Omorovie Ikeke Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Innovative Environmental Strategy for Sustainable Development <p>This article investigates the development of an innovative strategy for environmentally sustainable development. The breakthrough strategy has been found to be an activity-based structure and system of activities to accelerate growth. It has been found out that, in form and substance, all practical business development strategies depend on specific internal and external circumstances. It is proved that when developing breakthrough strategies for socio-economic development of a country, it is necessary to be guided by certain methodical techniques or rules, namely: scientific and applied justification; identifying and progressively improving an attractive value proposition; development and continuous improvement of the business model; drawing up and implementing an action plan; forming the focus of all participants in the breakthrough strategy on the achievement of strategic goals. The main products of the breakthrough strategy are found to be the organizational mission, value proposition, business model and set of projects and programs that form the breakthrough strategy cycle [2, 4]. It is found that there are different types of breakthrough strategies, among them the following: 1) storming strategy; 2) lagging behind in leaders; 3) expansion of horizons; 4) change of form [3]. Breakthrough strategies in the industry include the introduction of modern innovative industrial technologies on the basis of support for the development of high-tech industries (increasing production of domestic aviation and space technology, instrumentation, electronic technology, nanotechnology, medical technology), harnessing the potential of Ukraine to expand medium-tech production automotive, newest rolling stock and other railway equipment), Stim fostering the creation of new innovation development poles (creation of innovation clusters in the regions of Ukraine)[4]. It is proved that sustainable environmental development is impossible without the formation and use of appropriate management potential, that is, the ability of managers is qualified to "launch" all other potentials. It has been determined that the goal of green economy development should be to achieve a higher level of well-being while simultaneously solving resource-ecological and social problems.</p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong><em>Keywords: strategy, innovation, environmental security, sustainable development.</em></p> Grygorii Kaletnik, Svitlana Lutkovska Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Conceptual Principles of Education for Sustainable Development <p>Education has an important place in transitional strategy of society to sustainable development that is proved by many international acts. In the outlines of modern approaches, education for sustainable development is characterized as innovative concept of changes to educational activity, as mechanism of realization of strategy of sustainable development, as instrument of modernization of educational practice, as one of the basis of modern educational quality and continuity standards. National system of global aims for consolidation of society of sustainable development with an accent on the significance of educational matter was created in Ukraine. Education for sustainable development is characterized by being part to structure creating social institutes of modern society, transversality, subjective direction, integrativity, forward-looking character. This vector of education research is same with global man’s intentions of civilization development – increase in human’s value in all spheres of life, developing of democratic management, constructive cooperation and communication, etc. Among multidimensional potential of researched phenomenon the most practical value has environmental education. As for today, environmental education is a practical mechanism of transformation of educational system on the principles of sustainable development. Environmental education is seen as an instrument for systematic formation of man’s basic attributes for being part of education for sustainable development field – critical thinking, environmental worldview, subjective-value approach to environment, eco-cultural values. Cumulative result of environmental education is formation of environmental culture.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Key words: education, sustainable development, environment, ecology, synergetic, culture, humanism.</em></p> Iryna Karpan, Nataliia Chernikova, Tetiana Motuz, Boris Bratanich, Tetiana Lysokolenko Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Role of Nongovernment Organisations in the Development of the Kosovar Society <p>Generally, the paper shows the importance that have non-government organization in Kosovo on development routes toward democratic and transparent society. Today, the main purpose of NGO’s is creating a better life for society by researching for the needs of society and fulfilling these requirements in the near future. Today, in day life we are facing with different individual and groups of society and is being questioned about the purpose of the works of these organizations. Research results of the paper shows that NGO’s have played and are playing positive important role in Kosovar society development, in generally developing in /special fields. Among the main requirements include cooperation and coordination between NGO’s to achieve powerful impact in society development and increasing transparency for the public and creating reliability that it will not misused taken fonds and have the main mission improvement of society instead of benefits.</p> Hamdi Hoti, Demir LIMAJ, Edisona KURHASKU-HOTI Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Intergenerational Equity and Transitional Inequality Measurement: Techniques and Empirics <p>This paper discusses the measurement of both the intergenerational equity and the transitional inequality where the latter is a measure of distance to a transitional goal. The issue is relevant especially for ecological sustainability which is the main aspect treated, and can be extended to a set of transitional goals as the Agenda 2030. The empirics show that we had non-sustainable intergenerational equity and that no transition has been performed; therefore, it is hard to believe that there will be no necessity for inequality to reach the intergenerational equity</p> Demetrio Miloslavo Bova Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Barriers to the Adoption of Sustainable Construction <p>Studies have shown that adoption of sustainable construction practice would result in a substantial reduction in the greenhouse emissions from the construction industry. Evolving a sustainable development practice is an emergent concern for the construction industry in both developing and developed countries. Sustainable construction is concerned with site planning and design, community, indoor air quality, energy, materials, water, commissioning and marketability for the benefit of mankind. This requires enormous efforts from all the stakeholders in the industry. Sustainable construction efforts in the Nigerian construction industry have been ineffective as a result of a number of barriers that prevent a smooth transition to sustainable construction practice in the country. The aim of this study is to assess the potential barriers that hinder effective adoption of sustainable construction practice in the Nigerian Construction Industry, with a view to exploring how these barriers can be overcome and thereby achieving sustainable construction in the country. A cross-sectional questionnaire was adopted for the survey. Purposive sampling technique was used to elicit 105 copies of questionnaires from various construction professionals based in Lagos state, Nigeria. Data collected were analysed using frequency, percentage, mean, relative importance index and ranking. The results revealed that key barriers to sustainable construction in the Nigerian Construction Industry are poor government support for sustainable construction, lack of relevant laws and regulations to drive sustainable construction, lack of demand for sustainable construction from clients, low level of awareness of sustainable construction and fear of the cost of adopting sustainable construction. Based on the findings from this study, it was recommended that government should assume a greater role in the popularisation and application of sustainable strategy. The barriers identified and the suggestions made to minimize barriers to the adoption of sustainable construction in Nigeria should offer an enabling environment for stakeholders in construction sector to smoothly adopt sustainable construction for the benefit of humanity. </p> Innocent Chigozie Osuizugbo, Opeyemi Oyeyipo, Ayodele Lahanmi, Adesoye Morakinyo, Olusola Olaniyi Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Sustainable Approaches to Waste Management: Regulatory and Financial Instruments <p>with the provisions and principles of EU waste policy and development of suggestions for improvement of Ukrainian law. The article provide an overview of EU waste legislation, main EU investment policy and its contributions to municipalities in the area of solid municipal waste management. The ways of ecological modernization of the management of solid municipal waste were investigated. Proposals for implementation of experience of EU member states, which has proved itself in practice, were made.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Keywords: EU waste management, EU law, adaptation of Ukrainian legislation to EU standards, financial instruments</em></p> Maksym Kutsevych , Olena Yara, Liudmyla Golovko, Volodymyr Terpeliuk Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 How Teaching Affects Student Attitudes towards the Environment and Sustainability in Higher Education: An Instructors’ Perspective <p>In the rapidly changing, 21<sup>st</sup> century globalized world, with increasing environmental pressures and challenges, education for the environment and sustainability is a priority at all levels; from&nbsp; kindergarten to higher education. It is the education that will create the environmentally aware and socially responsible individuals, capable of addressing existing and future environmental challenges. Courses on the environment and/or sustainability are now an essential element of all Higher Education Institutions with a sustainability vision. But, does teaching about the environment and sustainability lead to a change in student attitudes? What teaching and learning methods seem to have a more significant effect on attitudes and behaviors and what are the challenges for instructors? In this study, instructors reflect on which educational methods seem most effective in promoting change in student attitudes and behaviors towards the environment and sustainability. This reflection is based on instructor experiences from selected courses or course activities (learning objects) and it focuses on the goals, teaching methods and effect on student learning and attitudes; changes in student attitudes in the course of the last years are also discussed. Suggestions are offered and implications for higher education institutions are outlined.</p> <p>Keywords: education for the environment, education for sustainability, higher education, active learning, student behaviors, emotional engagement</p> Anastasia Misseyanni, Christina Marouli, Paraskevi Papadopoulou Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Concept of an Eco-Efficient Regional Development Strategy: A Case of the Baikal Region <p>The transition to sustainable development requires a comprehensive systematic state policy and suggests a change in existing cultural characteristics that determine the nature of the economic development of society. It assumes reliance on effective mechanisms that can minimize the time and risks of possible destructive processes of such a transition. As a mechanism for institutionalization, we propose using the concept of ecological efficiency as a criterion for the compliance of strategic development plans and relevant regulatory legal acts with the selected course of sustainable development. This work aims to disclose the concept of eco-efficiency through understanding the benefits of focusing on qualitative development criteria. The methodological basis of the study was the provisions of dialectical realism, which determines the variability of the content of quantitative development indices with the constancy of qualitative guidelines, thus ensuring balanced development of civilization for an indefinitely long term.</p> <p><em>Keywords: sustainable development, ecological efficiency, sustainable development strategy, Baikal region, dialectical realism</em></p> Karina Gunzenova Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Water-Education as a Promoter of Education for Sustainable Development: Three Studies in Portuguese-Speaking African Countries <p>The present study is based on research in teacher self-training in Education for Sustainable Development (Leitão, 2012). Water was the motivating theme. The priority of a fair distribution of water, guaranteeing the consumption, in quality and quantity, to all mankind and living beings is urgent. To respond to water-related sustainability challenges, people worldwide need to acquire "water literacy" about various aspects of water use and management in order to ensure safer water consumption and to contribute to Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). Three case studies were carried out in schools in three African countries: Angola, Guinea-Bissau and Mozambique. A model of skills in education for sustainable development was applied (Sleurs, 2008). From the analysis of these case studies the theoretical assumptions of research were strengthened by the effective professional practice. But, on contrary, the results that the pillars of sustainable development presented in the basic research should be reviewed, placing the political dimension as transversal, thus strengthening education for sustainable development as fundamental for critical and responsible citizens of the present and of the future. This experience paves the way for future water-education and education for sustainable development projects; such as the follow-up of these three schools.</p> <p><strong><em>&nbsp;</em></strong><em>Keywords: Sustainable Development; Education for Sustainable Development; Water-education and Water Literacy; Case Study</em></p> Mafalda Franco Leitão, Albino Cunha, Manuela Malheiro Ferreira Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The ways of Improving the Innovation Management in Ukraine Using the International Development <p>In the world economic space there is a complex transition from industrial technological system to postindustrial, in which the high tech, informatization and knowledge economy takes on the dominating role of the driving forces of development. Naturally, for such a turn of events, economic science was not well prepared, and today there is a certain gap between the practice of accelerated changes and the scientific provision of these processes. First of all, it concerns the development of a strategy and mechanisms for the development of the country's economy and identifying opportunities for realizing its innovative potential by doing innovative management. The researchers consider innovative management in their work in a number of aspects: science and art of innovative management (I. Dichkivska, P. Zavlin); kind of administrative activity in making decisions on innovations (I. Balabanov, M. Yon, V. Stadnik,); management of innovations (N. Kruglov, A. Porshnev); a system of rules of principles, norms, values orientations that regulate various spheres of innovation activity (V. Vasilenko, L. Oholova). In innovative management, the methods of socio-psychological series, heuristic and collegial (I. Ansoff, B. Gates, L. Karuushkha, A. Morita) prevail. There is a change in the general functions, structure and objectives of management (L. Danilenko, L. Oholova), there are special means and forms of organization of innovation activity (V. Vasilenko, L. Vashchenko).The study of literary sources and their generalization shows the importance of this issue, and requires a more in-depth study and analysis of international experience in implementing innovative measures. The research objective. The main purpose of this study is to analyze measures to stimulate innovation development in the countries of the world, assessment of their effectiveness, as well as consideration of the directions on the basis of their activation of innovation activity in Ukraine. The article reveals the essence of the concept of "innovative management", analyzes the international experience in implementing and stimulating the innovation process. Thus, to summarize, it can be concluded that the experience of leading countries in stimulating innovation usually involves quite similar measures, namely: subsidies, tax cuts or, in some cases, tax holidays, payment of a share of R &amp; D expenditure. The following organizations are created: informational, technical, financial support for business engaged in innovation activities. Stimulates the development of innovations at the level of universities and other scientific institutions.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>Keywords: innovative management; innovative activity; innovative measures; R&amp;D; innovation.</em></p> Viktoriia Bokovets, Olena Moskvichova, Iryna Hryhoruk, Svetlana Suprunenko Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Sustaining Healthcare: Bridging Education with Biomedical and Healthcare Challenges <p>Major advances and breakthroughs in Medicine and Healthcare are transforming our world. How will we manage to tackle our disease burden to improve our day-to-day well-being especially if in developed countries the global population of people over 80 will more than triple by 2050 and in the less developed ones the youth profile will escalate?&nbsp; Will Europeans as an example, find ways to balance budgets and restrain spending and come up with a sustainable survival strategy for Europe’s healthcare systems? This work addresses a number of challenging questions and offers “smart” solutions and a framework on how to develop and sustain new models of care and improve the public services profile with the vision to become globally leading healthcare institutions mainly in Europe and particularly in Greece. The nature of programs in biomedical and healthcare sciences, the kind of educators and healthcare professionals and how to technologically and practically support such programs is considered. How to connect Biomedical programs with Medical Centers and what kind of student internships can be developed is discussed. What it means to have patient-centered medical centers which abide by strict European and international guidelines and certifications and how to provide top quality medical services is also examined.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Education, Healthcare, Medicine, Biomedical Programs, Smart Solutions, Internships, International Certifications</em></p> Paraskevi Papadopoulou, Christina Marouli, Anastasia Misseyanni Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 REDD+: An Analysis of Initiatives in East Africa Amidst Increasing Deforestation <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The study reviewed and examined reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+) in East Africa. At the helm of Deforestation at its biting implication by the early 2000s, REDD+ was first suggested as a prospective climate change moderation arrangement in 2005 at the United Nations Convention on Climate Change (UNCCC) at the CoP11 in Canada. The basic idea herein was to reduce the increasing loss of forests due to deforestation as well as mitigate climate change as signs were vivid at the time. REDD+ would introduce initiatives to sustain carbon distribution, biodiversity, and stakeholder livelihoods. Developed countries lead in the support of these efforts. Using Literature review and content analysis approaches, the study investigates REDD+ projects in East Africa; Uganda, Rwanda, Kenya, and Tanzania. A considerable level of work has been done as per the findings. However, a lot needs to be put in place since East Africa solely depends on wood biomass for household fuel which is a major cause of deforestation and forest degradation.</span></p> <p class="04KEYWORD"><em><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: afforestation, alternatives, climate change, deforestation, East Africa, emission control, re-afforestation, REED+, wood fuel</span></em></p> Dastan Bamwesigye, Azdren Doli, Petra Hlavackova Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Conceptual aspects of modern innovation policy <p>The country's participation in the processes of high technology development and transfer depends on: the level of its socio-economic development; the effectiveness of identifying innovative priorities; the developing an international strategy. This necessitates the development of theoretical foundations and practical recommendations for countries' participation in high technology development processes in the global innovation system.</p> <p>We propose to consider high technology analysis as an analysis of public policy (interpretive analytics) and research in science and technology and technology assessment.</p> <p>Recently, an approach has come to the fore, in which it is necessary to focus not so much on absolute leaders who have already built their own chain of creation of innovations (from basic research to competitive companies), but more to develop their own unique competencies.</p> <p>The factor of formation of competitive innovative systems is creation of unique innovative environment on the basis of combination of technological basis, innovative economy and socio-cultural system.</p> <p><em>Keywords: innovation policy, high technology, innovative landscapes, clusters, human resources, technology transfer</em></p> Vitaliy Omelyanenko, Olga Kudrina, Olena Semenikhina, Vasily Zihunov, Olena Danilova, Tetiana Liskovetska Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Sustainability in the Formation and Development of Historical Cities: “Nicosia Historical City Texture” <p>The formation of the historical city texture of Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus, began during the Lusignan Period.&nbsp; St. Sophia Cathedral and St. Catherine Church, which have an important place in the formation of the texture, are two of the few works of art still surviving today.&nbsp; Being a period of destruction for the city, in general, The Venetian Period provided the city walls to Nicosia which still surround the historical texture.&nbsp; The Ottoman Period brought a change to the historical city texture and Islamic culture and Turkish Architectural construction style replaced the Christian cultures.&nbsp; A number of architectural works from this period, still existing within the walled city of Nicosia, provided a great contribution to the formation and development of the present day texture, as well as for its sustainability.&nbsp; The British Period is one which brought novelty to the city texture of Nicosia.&nbsp; With demolition of historical works and changes in the street and square dimensions, British Colonial Architecture displays the traces of the recent past.&nbsp; The administrative buildings constructed in place of the demolished Lusignan Palace, still serve at present.&nbsp; With the beginning of the Period of the Republic in 1960, Nicosia underwent a fast process of development as an important capital in the Middle East.&nbsp; The traditional visuality in the city texture left its place to contemporary constructions and formations.&nbsp; The inter-communal conflicts, which started in 1964 on the other hand, negatively affected the formation and development of the city texture, and there was a period of stagnation until the 70s.&nbsp; The new developments observed since the 70s and the insufficiency of precautions to protect historical texture, caused a deterioration the city texture.&nbsp; With the position of an open-air museum, Nicosia with its history of over twenty-five centuries has a very rich historical city texture with the legacies of various cultures which reigned over Cyprus and is sustainable in the present, and is therefore an important cultural and touristic center</p> <p><em>Keywords: Cyprus, Nicosia, Historical City Texture, Walled City, Sustainability.</em></p> Zihni Turkan Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Legal Principles of Environmental Accounting as Means of Identifying Sustainable Development Indicators in Ukraine <p>The article presents the results of the legal analysis of the formation of environmental accounting as one of the main means of determining the effectiveness of the implemented indicators of sustainable development. It is established that today there are no common approaches around the world to identify sustainable development indicators, including their environmental component. This greatly influences the development of a unified system of environmental accounting, which contains important data on the quantity and quality of natural resources, their legal status, the number of objects and substances that have harmful effects on the environment, financial and other measures taken for the environmental modernization of enterprises , the payment of environmental payments, etc., as such information is a major factor in making further management decisions to achieve sustainability in the environmental field, both locally, nationally, regionally, and globally. tovomu level.</p> <p><em>Keywords: sustainable development, indicators, ecological accounting, ecological information, reliability of data, types of ecological accounting systems, systematization of ecological accounting systems, regulatory legal regulation of ecological accounting</em></p> Volodymyr Yermolenko, Olena Gafurova, Mariya Krasnova, Yuliia Krasnova Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Methodology for Assessing the Harmony of Economic Relations Between Participants of the Agrofood Market <p>The purpose of the paper is to summarize the principles of harmonization of economic relations between participants of the agrofood market of Ukraine, in particular, the livestock products market, and to create a system of criteria for socio-ecological and economic assessment of the level of harmony of these relations with adherence to the principle of inclusivity. The results of a systematic review convincingly show that the basic principles of harmonization of economic relations between the livestock market participants shall be as follows: the principle of inclusivity, maximizing the mutual benefit of all parties to relationship, the consistency of their economic interests (or the principle of consensus), the principle of systematization, controllability, social fairness, openness and scientific validity. With the help of three indicator systems, namely: (1)&nbsp;criteria for assessing the socio-economic conditions of the livestock market entities, (2)&nbsp;criteria for assessing the development effectiveness and efficiency of the specified market entities, (3)&nbsp;criteria for assessing the harmonious relations of agricultural producers with other participants in relations on the product market animal husbandry, it is possible to systematically explore the economic environment in which modern economic relations between the livestock production market participants are formed, developed and transformed, and to find mechanisms for harmonizing such relations.</p> <p><em>Key words: economic relations</em><em>, </em><em>sustainable development, agrarian policy, harmonization, livestock products market</em><em>,</em> <em>inclusivity,</em><em> agrofood sector</em><em>, Ukraine</em></p> Olha Kravchenko, Anatolii Kucher, Tetiana Yanchuk, Yuliia Stavska Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Assessing the Performance of Factors Affecting the Profitability of the Banking System: Evidence from Kosovo <p>This review done by empirical surveillance observes the significances of a number of the explicit factors of the bank that are matching to bank governance, financial market configuration on one hand, and macroeconomic aspects of the Kosovo bank's performance on another hand. The Management and assessment of Kosovo's bank effectiveness were accomplished through two indicators return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE). To recognize this assessment, the OLS, and Arellano-Bond (GMM) regression method will be applied with the data used from the financial statements of Kosovo banks on a periodical basis over the period 2006-2019. Based on the challenging environments in which the banking system of Kosovo has passed, we have carefully chosen some specific determinants of the banking industry, as well as some of the macroeconomic determinants. The outcomes propose that upcoming studies may contain diverse dynamic models as well as altered dependent and independent features to elucidate the performance of Kosovo banks.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Keywords: Bank’s profitability, time series, OLS regression, GMM.</em></p> Esat A. Durguti, Enver H. Krasniqi, Dea Krasniqi Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Fiscal Policy Measures of Air Protection: Ukrainian Realities and the EU Experience <p>Nowadays environmental protection and the rational use of natural resources have become priorities of the state-building strategy in almost all developed countries of the world.&nbsp; Effective financing of these activities is required for the development and adoption of national targeted, local programs for environmental protection, for the sustainable development of society, for the rational use and reproduction of natural resources.&nbsp; The article is devoted to the research of the current tendencies of the use of fiscal policy measures in the implementation of the national environmental policy in the sphere of atmospheric air protection in Ukraine.&nbsp; The ways of improvement of environmental taxation and development of the main ways of development and expansion of the system of ecological taxation and ecological governance in Ukraine were discovered.</p> <p><em>Keywords: atmospheric air, environmental air safety, fiscal policy, environmental taxation, implementation of the national environmental policy, </em></p> Volodymyr Kurylo, Yevheniia Duliba, Inna Kurylo, Viktor Mushenok Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Foreign Practices in Land Cadaster Systems: An Experience for Ukraine <p>The experience of European organizations managing land cadaster system is analyzed with examples of land relations development given for different spheres: legal, technical, and economic. The peculiarities in adoption and application of the 3D land cadasters by different countries of the world is viewed. It is stated that a cadaster of the future is to be a multi-purpose one in the 3D or 4D format.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>The need in modernizing current land legislation to improve the procedures of collecting, preserving, restoring, and utilizing land resources in Ukraine pertaining to implementation of the principle of the State land cadaster keeping is accentuated on.</p> <p>Advantages of account-and-registration systems are analyzed; the legal nature of social relations arising in this sphere is clarified. Recommendations concerning establishing the 3D cadaster in Ukraine are offered.</p> <p><em>Key words: lands account, cadaster systems, land, land parcels, the 3D cadaster.</em></p> Daria Kondratenko, Olena Savchuk, Anna Liubchych Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Other Determinants of Inflation in Nigeria <p>Inflation is a continuous macroeconomic concern that has dominated thoughts at major economic fora due to its pervasive effect on the economy. The quantity theory of money isolates money supply as the major cause of inflation. The economic reality in Nigeria contravenes the theory. The study examines other determinants of inflation in Nigeria using the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) method on quarterly data from January 1999- December 2018. Findings show that poor infrastructural development, exchange rate, political instability, corruption, and double taxation significantly stimulate inflation rather than just money supply. The results show a causal relationship between other determining factors and inflation. The ARDL result shows a significant long-short run relationship. The study recommends that non-monetary factors of instigating inflation should be controlled and security expenditure should be review along with-related mechanisms to achieve low inflation at single digits at most and economic growth and development.</p> <p><em>Keywords: inflation rate, money supply, Nigeria, economic indicators, ARDL Error Correction Model</em></p> Victor Inim, Udo Emmanuel Samuel, Abner Ishaku Prince Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Creative Analysis of Innovation as a Catalizer of Socialization of Structural Change <p>The multiple analysis of rate of dependency between innovative processes and structural labour market changes in the form of evolution in sector of employment was exposed in the article. It has been proved that the impact of innovations on the labour market can be considered, on the one hand, as a part of multi-factor socio-economic macro-, meso-, micro-level systems, which makes a direct or indirect impact on state of other elements of system and which is under its influence at this time; on the other hand, as an open, dynamic, flexible system, functioning of which leads to socio-economic resources development. The definition of labour market has been suggested as a system of socio-economic relations between workers, employers and society (organizations and institutes) for realization of ability to work, supporting social guarantees, approximation of parties’ interests of labour relations, state`s interests, legal control of terms of employment etc. The analysis of structural changes, which take place in the labour market of different levels administrative territorial state`s structure by means of innovations, covers the period 2012-2017. The impact of innovations on employment is associated with `creative destruction` where innovations, on the one hand, ruin current workplaces and, on the other hand, create new ones. Analysis has demonstrated that employment increasing and related structural improvements are determined by kind of incorporated innovations. Organizational innovations have more impact on size and structure of employment, than technological ones. <em>The practical importance</em> of the research involves developing of methodological and practical aspects of choosing multiple approach in relation to innovation analysis as a determinant of structural labour market changes. <em>The originality of the research</em> is reflected in the comprehensive creative analysis of innovations from the point of view of activation of the youth labour market in Ukraine. The key factors of the low level of involvement of young citizens in the country's economy and society are identified. The authors have suggested the prospects for the development of the youth labour market, the elimination of youth unemployment, which are conditioned by the peculiarities of the social condition and employment behaviour of young people. The need to study the experience of European countries is emphasized, where training in the working professions is well organized and the youth unemployment rate is the lowest in Europe. <em>Distinctiveness</em>. Conducted researches let to confirm attained results in relation to choosing implements for coping with current troubles and disproportions in society. Implementation of multiply approach of analysis and diagnostics of correlation of innovations and employment will make a direct impact on supporting living standards and progressive socio-economic state`s development. The monitoring of solidarity of actions of public communities, government agencies, enterprise structures will ensure attainment of active increasing of innovation technologies, high living standards level, that will offer some new opportunities for business environment in relation to labour productiveness maintaining method and equivalent income level from enterprise activity, will solve the unemployment and labour migration issues, create some new flexible forms of employment, increase the level of state`s competitiveness in global economy facilities.</p> <p><em>Key Words: creative analysing, diagnostics, employment of population, innovations, multiple approach</em></p> Viktoriia DRUZHYNINA, Yuliia VIEDIENINA, Lesia SAKUN, Ganna LIKHONOSOVA Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Endowment as a Fundraising Tool of the Research University <p>The article summarizes the arguments within the scientific discussion about the search of alternative sources of research universities funding in the absence of sufficient support from the government. The main objective of the research is to define the possibility of using the endowment as a fundraising tool to attract alternative sources of funding for research universities in Ukraine. The relevance of solving this scientific issue lies in the fact that modern research universities are independent entities, which according to the Bologna Declaration assume the entire load on the future of the state and have to do it at the highest professional level. This can be ensured through a combination of traditional and modern sources of funding. The world experience of successful implementation of the endowment has been presented. The level of knowledge intensity of GDP, which is one of the key indicators that reflects the level of quality of higher education, has been analyzed. The endowment as one of the most effective fundraising tools is poorly developed in Ukraine. This fact has prompted us to research the main provisions of this phenomenon and to define the conditions for its implementation in Ukrainian research-based institutions of higher education by means of the strategic analysis. The conducted SWOT analysis has made it possible to systematize problem areas of the domestic market of educational services in the direction of creating and using the endowment and predicting possible strategies for its development. Since the Research Universities are considered to be the core of creation of intellectual and innovative products and the crucial mover of scientific and technological progress in the country and in the world, they have been chosen as the research object.<em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Keywords: fundraising, endowment, Research University, market of educational services, investment, alternative sources of funding</em></p> Alla Stepanova, Iryna Horbas’, Oksana Derkach, Tetyana Ovcharenko Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Impact of Corporate Sustainability Index on BIST Sustainability Index <p>Mass production, which started with the industrial revolution, caused both the unconscious consumption of the resources and the damages to the ecological system after the production. In this respect, the concept of sustainability, which is one of the most important conception of responsibility, is gradually gaining value in terms of protecting resources and transferring them to future generations. (Mori and Christodoulou, 2012: 94-106). Sustainability In the first place, it has started to be used mostly in the management of natural resources; later, it was used in different fields such as sectoral practices and energy tourism (Diaz - Baltciro, Voces, Romero, 2011: 761-773).</p> <p>Today, the expectations of the society from the enterprises have changed compared to the past. These changing expectations lead businesses to new searches. The most important concept that guides these quests is to be sustainable. The concept of sustainability for enterprises gains a new dimension in the form of corporate sustainability”.</p> <p>For corporate sustainability, it is possible for organizations to achieve individual results only to a certain extent. Because companies are affected to a great extent by all kinds of economic, social and even cultural formations occurring in their environment (Kuşat, 2012: 238).</p> <p>The most important benefit of sustainability indices is that it leads to improvements in transparency without the need for regulations, better understanding of the social and environmental impacts of companies and guiding them to reduce the negative effects of company activities.</p> <p>The BIST Index serves as a guide for companies on what to measure, what needs to be developed and what can be explained. Thus, it creates opportunities for companies to see social and environmental risks and opportunities and to manage their sustainability performances correctly. The index, on the other hand, provides information to investors and the community about the sustainability performance of companies.</p> <p>The aim of this study is whether the BIST Sustainable Index makes a difference for companies compared to BIST 100. "Does the BIST Sustainability Index really make a difference?" will be examined. In this context, data between 2014-2018 of BIST Sustainability and BIST 100 index will be examined. Based on the results obtained in the study, it shows that there is no strong evidence of the impact of inclusion in the BIST Sustainability Index on the stock returns of companies. At the same time, the BIST Sustainability Index has been shown to have similar returns to the BIST 100 Index.</p> <p><em>Key Words: Sustainability Index, BIST, Corporate.</em></p> Luan VARDARI, Rrezarta GASHI, Hana GASHI AHMETI Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Innovative Forms of Realization of Regional Social Policy by Organizing Public Dialogue and Communication in Conditions of Post-conflict Transformation in Eastern Ukraine <p>The current socio-economic situation in Eastern Ukraine, complex processes of economic recovery, internal displacement cause numerous conflicts between local and displaced population and institutions. In these circumstances the issues of implementation of effective regional social policy instruments, integration of internally displaced persons into local communities, strengthening social cohesion and peacebuilding become important. The purpose of the article is to substantiate innovative forms of implementation of regional social policy by organizing public dialogue and communication in conditions of post-conflict transformation in Eastern Ukraine, which would ensure sustainability of conflict resolution. The article shows the experience of implementing the results of experimental studies on organizational support for interaction of institutions on conflict prevention and resolution in the project "Geoinformation system for monitoring, analysis, assessment and resolution of conflicts in communities". The essence, basic principles, components and tasks of the geoinformation system, which is realized through creation of the online resource and the network of regional experts working under support of the international community, were presented.</p> <p><em>Keywords: conflict, regional social policy, organization, dialogue, communication, interaction, institution, geoinformation system, network of mediators.</em></p> Ruslan Halhash, Inna Semenenko, Ievgen Ovcharenko, Ganna Borova Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Implementation of State Policy of Power Cleaning in the Conditions of Political Transformation: Experience of Ukraine and Countries of Central and Eastern Europe <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The article analyzes the problems of realization of the state policy of power cleaning in the countries of Central-Eastern Europe (Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Baltic countries), and in particular in Ukraine. It has been found that in various countries this step in the public administration was taken since the fall of the communist regime. However, everywhere it was carried out by its own rules.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The attention is drawn to the fact that the power cleaning through lustration should be ensured in the light of a wide range of threats that pertain to the human rights sphere and the principle of the presumption of innocence. This was relevant for every state that embarked on the path of transformational change to the implementation of a state policy of power cleaning. None of the countries that have taken such a political step in the public administration system went this route easily (there were both claims to the laws with subsequent legislative initiatives to amend them, and suits to courts of various instances to restore human and citizen’s rights and freedoms). However, there were also positive consequences, which resulted in the cleaning of the authorities of the respective countries from the influences of interested pro-communist political forces, which hindered democratic transformations in the states.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Regarding the characteristics of the state policy of power cleaning by lustration in Ukraine, which began only in 2014, we drew attention to the fact that it had a different meaning: it was not aimed at combating the communist past, but at overthrowing the current political regime of “Yanukovych times”. There were some problems, which reflected the emergence of relevant issues in such events of the public administration system, which caused criticism from a number of external international human rights organizations (for example, the Venice Commission), and led to massive claims to courts of various instances aimed to restore of claimants' rights.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Also the article draws attention to the fact that lustration, as a mechanism of power cleaning, is an appropriate political step on the way to democratization of society and overcoming the negative consequences of the activity of undemocratic political regimes. However, its implementation requires a prudent approach to defining the principles of legal regulation, the establishment of appropriate institutions to ensure the implementation of lustration and guaranteeing the protection of human and citizen's rights and freedoms from political persecution.</span></p> <p class="04KEYWORD"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: sustainable development, public policy, cleaning of power, lustration, protection of human and citizen's rights and freedoms.</span></em></p> Valentyna Goshovska, Volodymyr Goshovskyi, Liudmyla Dubchak Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Legal Regulation of Waste Management in Ukraine on the Way to European Integration <p>The article is devoted to the research of problems of adaptation of Ukrainian legislation to the norms of EU law. The environmental well-being of the population depends on the legal regulation of waste management and the role of government agencies in controlling these activities. Particular attention in this scholarly work is paid to the overriding objective of learning from the experience of the EU member states by creating a qualitative mechanism and achieving the main result – improvement of national legislation by implementing European standards in the sphere of waste management.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Keywords: EU waste policy, EU law, waste management, municipal waste, adaptation of Ukrainian legislation to EU law</em></p> Serhii Kidalov, Vitaliy Vitiv, Liudmyla Golovko, Viktor Ladychenko Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Adherence to Legal Culture as a Component of the Regional Industrial Enterprises’ Corporate Innovation Management while Ensuring their Sustainable Development <p>The article is to determine the role of the compliance culture as a part of the regional industrial enterprises’ corporate innovation management while ensuring their sustainable development. Any enterprise, operating in a market economy, aims to maximize profits as its main internal goal. Effective innovative development is an objective necessity for sustainable economic growth. The main goal of the innovative activity of enterprises or organizations can be designated as obtaining a certain number of innovations in the form of new products, technologies, raw materials, methods of organization and management with certain features. The formation of new and efficient innovation management systems by means of straight-line management is of great importance for industrial enterprise’s effective development management. The creation of new and efficient systems of management of innovation activity to direct it into an effective path is greatly important for effective development management of the industrial enterprise. Therefore, the innovation management corporate system creation and the study of its role in the effective development of the enterprise is extremely relevant.</p> <p><em>Keywords: legal culture, innovative activities, industrial enterprises, sustainable development</em></p> Yuliia Klius, Liubov Kotova, Yuliia Ivchuk, Oleh Skupinskyi Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Urban Resident Views About Open Green Spaces: A Study in Güzelyurt (Morphou), Cyprus <p>A dramatic demographic shift regarding urbanization is occurring globally. Between 2000 and 2050, the ratio of individuals in urban spaces is projected to rise from 46.6 % to 69.6%. Environmental pollution, urban heat island effect and climate change are among the hazardous effects of urbanization. Critical ecosystem services can be provided with urban green areas such as parks, roof gardens, streams, forests and community gardens etc. Walking, running or biking activities, psychological well-being and public health of urban inhabitants can also be supported via green space. Urban landscape areas are also significant for Cyprus as there is an on-going remarkable urbanization. Particularly, due to urbanization, the importance of green spaces in cities is becoming important. During this study, open and green space as urban landscape areas in Güzelyurt (Morphou) was investigated. This is the first study to examine user satisfaction and views of open and green spaces in Güzelyurt (Morphou) region, Cyprus. A questionnaire with 60 participants were conducted in order to understand respondents’ suggestions about several aspects of existing open and green spaces in Güzelyurt, north Cyprus. According to the findings, respondents were mostly dissatisfied about urban and open spaces in the city. Our results indicate that local authorities or municipal organizations should legalize the planning of urban parks, open spaces and green areas with long term perspective.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Keywords: Urbanization, Green space, urban park, landscape, Güzelyurt, Cyprus</em></p> Sinem Yıldırım, Buket Asilsoy, Özge Özden Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Legal Fundamentals for the Sustainable Development of the Industrial Enterprises while the Introduction of the Innovative Functional Units <p>In modern conditions, innovative activity is a special purposeful systematic set of measures to use innovative potential in order to achieve a new quality in the economic system in the process of ensuring its sustainable development. The implementation of innovative projects by industrial enterprises leads to disturbing influences in the form of innovative structural changes in the implementation of innovative structural units, affects the stability of economic systems and the effectiveness of their innovative activities. The presence of the legal grounds for changing the organizational structure of the enterprise in connection with the implementation of the activities aimed at the development of innovative goods and products is a prerequisite for the introduction of innovative units at an industrial enterprise. It should be noted that the regulatory framework governing innovative activity is quite contradictory and imperfect due to the lack of certain consistency regarding the definition of basic concepts and the existing conflict and inconsistency of legal regulation of relations in the field of innovative activity, so the relevance of its research and analysis is beyond doubt.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>Keywords: legal fundamentals, innovative unit, industrial enterprises, sustainable development</em></p> Olena Arsentieva, Yuliia Klius Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Evaluation of the Convergence of International Markets for Agricultural Enterprises of Ukraine under International Diversification Conditions <p>It is proposed the classification of indicators of convergence assessment of international markets for determining their marketing attractiveness for the enterprise, which includes absolute and relative indicators of measurement of general statistical data, evaluation of factors of production, information on products and services, dynamic indicators and convergence indicators used by enterprises for the search of new international markets. In the expert assessment of convergence indicators, the markets of foreign countries, the indicators of which are as close as possible to the Ukrainian economy, are distinguished, the result of the assessment allowed to draw conclusions about the marketing opportunities of domestic enterprises in the conditions of the export of goods to the markets of these countries. As the analysis of practical aspects of the functioning of agricultural enterprises and their associations results, a scientific and methodical approach to a comprehensive convergence of agricultural enterprises activities of Ukraine assessment under the conditions of international diversification has been developed. The proposed approach is based on the method of summing up the ranks to rank foreign markets according to the system of dynamic indicators application, which allowed to determine the marketing attractiveness of new international markets for the domestic enterprises activity in these markets and to assess their convergence. As the application of the proposed approach result, foreign markets have been identified which demonstrate favorable conditions for doing business on them, indicating the convergent conditions existence, which is a prerequisite for domestic agricultural enterprises to the markets of these countries release, and also determines the factors and criteria for making managerial decisions regarding realization of domestic agrarian enterprises activity under international diversification conditions. It is proved that the markets of Belgium, Italy, Ireland, Switzerland, and Japan have demonstrated favorable conditions for doing business with them, indicating a significant convergence of markets in these countries. It is determined that the markets of Greece and China are promising for domestic enterprises in the presence of opportunities to overcome a significant margin of discretion.</p> <p><em>Keywords: convergence, international diversification, international markets marketing attractiveness, convergence evaluation of international markets</em></p> Alona Tanasiichuk, Svetlana Kovalchuk, Olha Hromova, Hryhorenko Inna, Fedortsova Olena Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Phenomenon of Political Power in Ukraine <p>Political power is the integral part of constituent of development and stability of society, that is why her efficiency are one of main tasks of domestic politics. Success of the state depends in the international political arena, first of all, from experience and professionalism of own political management. Studies of scientists from the marked theme full have not fully covered the of problems, it is today necessary to work out the own effective model of politics, that would connect success and experience of international association, Ukrainian history, traditions and customs. Main reason of the crisis phenomena in Ukrainian society see in absence of clear strategy of development and absence of professional competenses of politicians, in relation to state creation. The purpose of the study is to find out the essence of political power and influence on the effectiveness of state-building, substantiation of directions of increasing the effectiveness of political power in Ukraine on the basis of political intelligence.</p> <p><em>&nbsp;Keywords: state, politics, development, post-soviet countries, reform, president</em></p> Sergiy Bereziuk, Lyudmila Pronko, Oksana Samborska Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Bioeconomy and Circular Economy in the European Food Retail Sector <p>The paper highlights the importance of analysing corporations’ activities and their policies addressing non-financial indicators, in line with the current global concerns regarding sustainability and bioeconomy. It aims at contributing to a better understanding of the concepts of circular economy and bioeconomy, while analysing corporations’ behaviours regarding these topics. As Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) standards have become frameworks for illustrating socially and environmentally responsible behaviours, the number of companies that adopt such standards for the elaboration of sustainability reports has increased. Since the publication of sustainability reports became mandatory as of 2018, we consider that their documentation is in an incipient phase. This paper uses an empirical content-based analysis of sustainability reports released by corporations in the food retail sector inside the European Union. The selected retailers report non-financial performance following the guidelines of international social responsibility codes elaborated by the non-profit organization Global Reporting Initiative (GRI). The results of the analysis show different levels of involvement in sustainable practices across the corporations considered. Furthermore, the paper provides the main challenges regarding the implementation of sustainable methods of doing business, as well as the main impacts of adopting CSR standards for the supply chain.</p> <p><em>Keywords: Bioeconomy, circular economy, sustainability, CSR, corporations</em></p> Laura-Gabriela Istudor, Marta-Christina Suciu Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 In Search of Smart Specialization to Ensure the Sustainable Development of the Post-Conflict Territory: the Case of the Luhansk Region in Ukraine <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">This work highlights a range of problems related to ensuring sustainable development of post-conflict territories, as well as ways to overcome those through smart specialization approach. The influence of military conflict on Luhansk region's economy structure and economy's pace of development had been determined. Capacities of smart specialization as a contemporary tool meant for intensifying innovative development, structural modernization and improving competitiveness of regions had been studied. While researching regional context the current state and structure of the chemical sector, which is region's traditional specialty, had been analyzed and also its SWOT analysis had been conducted. Potential for diversification, innovative and cross-sectoral evolution of the existing chemical business was discovered. We pay attention to chemical production's digitalization horizons and its integration into rapidly growing region's agricultural sector as part of precision farming concept. The suggested agrochemical ecosystem's model facilitates communications between leading stakeholders, increases efficiency of entrepreneurial discovery process, creates new areas of specialization and new leverage for ensuring region's sustainable development. </span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: sustainable development, smart specialization, chemical industry, agriculture, ecosystem, precision farming, Luhansk region</span></em></p> Hanna Shevtsova, Nataliia Shvets, Maiia Kramchaninova, Hanna Pchelynska Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Market Researches which Are Conducted for Introduction of New Product on the Market <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">At introduction of new product there are many risks which threaten success of goods in the market. To minimize risk, it is necessary to use the correct marketing of a new product, the correct receptions which are capable draw the attention of consumers on just appeared, little-known a product, to make it demanded and it is bought. The main thing, to each business to find the effective strategy of development and advance of a new product. Marketing of a new product differs from traditional market researches. And, first of all, differs in the fact that the assessment of prospects of a new product at stages of its development is carried out in the absence of the market, at total absence of consumers. It creates certain difficulties and increases the probability of mistakes in researches. There are many marketing techniques of advance of new products and services in the modern market. Therefore to businesses and businessmen, for advance of a new product it is necessary to study, first of all, and to effectively use the existing marketing arsenal. Of course, each businessman has to bring the nuances in the experienced methods of marketing. To adapt these receptions for the concrete business, for the marketing of a new product.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: Market researches, new goods, marketing of new goods, technique of promotion of goods, trial marketing, experiment</span></em></p> Alona Tanasiichuk, Olha Hromova, Yulia Holovchuk, Liudmila Serednytska, Anna Shevchuk Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Potential Use of Lactobacillus plantarum 1UHCC as a Bio-hydrolyzer in the Development of the Sustainable Food Industry in Indonesia <p>The purpose of this study aimed to evaluate the potential and performance of <em>Lactobacillus plantarum</em> <em>1 UHCC</em> (<em>L.plantarum</em> <em>1UHCC</em>) bacteria as bio-hydrolyzer of the food industry in Indonesia.&nbsp; As much as 100g of fresh hide from Balinese cattle were used as a substrate. The fermentation time was carried out at 3 time levels, namely: 24 hours (T-24); 48 hours (T-48) and 72 hours (T-72). The bacteria were used <em>L.plantarum</em> which was isolated from milkfish extract. The results showed that in the solution of <em>L.plantarum</em> bacteria using collagen substrate of cattle hide, pH values were increased and the lactic acid levels were decreased significantly.&nbsp; The pH value and the lactic acid level of the solution were respectively around 5.77±0.03-6.13±0.02 and 1.65±0.26-2.02±0.05%. The total bacteria has increased and dissolved protein has decreased for fermentation time, but in general it is not significant. Total bacteria and dissolved proteins respectively 4.5±0.98-5.5±2.29 Log<sub>10</sub>CFU/mL and 36.98±3.37-40.25±1.54 mg/mL. The application of 24 hours (T-24) fermentation time to <em>L.plantarum</em> bacteria using collagen substrate of cattle hide skin was considered as the optimum time to be applied in the fermentation process.&nbsp; Bacteria <em>L.plantarum 1UHCC</em> has the ability to hydrolyze collagen protein components, especially collagen extracts from cattle hide. Bacteria<em> L.plantarum 1UHCC</em> has the potential to be developed as a bio-hydrolyzer organism. Bacteria <em>L.plantarum</em> 1UHCC plays a very important role in the development of the food industry, especially in Indonesia.</p> <p><em>Keywords<strong>:</strong>&nbsp; Bacteria, Cattle hide, Collagen, Fermentation, L.plantarum 1UHCC</em></p> Muhammad Irfan Said, Effendi Abustam, Farida Nur Yuliati, H. Hasma, A. Alvina Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Locational Aspects of Industrial Ecology and Experiences of Practitioners from a Hungarian Industrial Park <p>The present article aims to contribute to understanding the relationship between the concepts of industrial ecology and circular economy in order to foster circular economy attempts. While research mostly focuses on various forms of industrial ecology or innovative technologies, it is also reasonable to analyse some mature industrial ecology practices, which can be used as quasi-models for circular economy. The technology selected for this study is flue gas desulphurisation in fossil fuel power plants and the utilization of gypsum produced in this process as a by-product by construction sector companies. In the first part of our article we briefly present the concept of industrial ecology and discuss its applicability as a potential model for circular economy as well as its locational aspects. Afterwards based on a literature review and stakeholder interviews a Hungarian power plant and industrial park is presented as a case study. The relevance of criteria of ecoinnovation parks are presented for the selected industrial park as well as the experience of industrial ecology by participating companies. Finally some general conclusions, based on the literature and the case study, are also discussed.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong><em>Keywords: industrial ecology, locational aspects, industrial park, FGD gypsum</em></p> Noémi Csigéné Nagypál Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The World Experience in the Regulation of the Land Circulation <p>The article examines the state of the agricultural development in Ukraine in the context of the crop and livestock industries. The use of land resources by different owners and the structure of agricultural land were also analyzed. The problems of the development of the electronic cadastre of the land&nbsp;&nbsp; resources were identified. The proposals to use the world experience of agricultural land use in Ukraine were substantiated. The proposals for the improvement the legal framework in the field of the agricultural land circulation were elaborated.</p> <p><em>Keywords: land market, gross production, world experience, crop production, animal husbandry, land resources</em></p> Grygorii Kaletnik, Inna Honcharuk, Tetiana Yemchyk, Yuliia Okhota Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Assessment and Analysis of Sustainability of the Socio-Economic Development of Amalgamated Territorial Communities of the Region <p>The article supplies assessment and analysis of sustainability of the socio-economic development of amalgamated territorial communities in Lviv region of Ukraine basing on the methodological approach, proposed by the authors and founded on the principal functions, performed by the territorial communities, and on the estimates of the degree of their fulfilment. Those methods suggest use of a set of indices, which express sustainable or unsustainable development of the economic indices and consider their different intention. Referring to the indices of execution of the local budgets of 22 communities in Lviv region, the authors of the research assess the socio-economic situation of amalgamated territorial communities. Results of the calculations confirm the sufficient sustainability of the socio-economic development of amalgamated territorial communities in Lviv region. However, in 2018, the communities had trouble in executing their socio-economic budgets. The best results of development of the socio-economic indices were demonstrated by Babyna ATC, Davydiv ATC and Zabolottsi ATC, the worse ones – by Biskovychi ATC, Hrabovets ATC and Novyi Kalyniv ATC. To raise the level of the socio-economic standards of living of the “low-performing” amalgamated territorial communities and to support their sustainable development, the government should supply its assistance.</p> <p><em>Keywords: sustainability, socio-economic development, amalgamated territorial communities, Lviv region, Ukraine</em></p> Roman Khirivskyi , Heorhii Cherevko, Ihor Yatsiv , Tymofii Pasichnyk, Liudmyla Petryshyn , Lesia Kucher Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Does Economic Integration Affect Inequality in Developing Countries? Evidence from a Global Sample <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">Economic integration plays an important role in promoting economic growth. However, it can also increase inequality, although the relationship between economic integration and inequality is still unclear. Our paper aims to study the impact of economic integration on income inequality with a global sample regarding 59 developing countries collected from 1996-2016. Besides, we divide the overall sample into three smaller examples including developing countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin-America. Unlike previous studies, our research results confirm that economic integration has a multidimensional impact on inequality in countries. In detail, trade openness can help to reduce inequality, however, foreign direct investment increases inequality during the study period. The Kuznets' inverted-U curve among income and inequality is confirmed in the cases including the overall sample, Asia and Africa, excluding for the Latin-America. Finally, technology development and remittances are found to play a negative impact on inequality, while inflation leads to an increase in inequality level in developing countries.</span></p> <p class="03ABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US">&nbsp;</span><em><span lang="EN-US">Keywords: economic integration, inequality, trade openness, FDI, Kuznets, developing country</span></em></p> Le Thanh Tung, Pham Nang Thang, Lam Tu Uyen Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 The Importance of Pedestrianization in Cities- Assessment of Pedestrianized Streets in Nicosia Walled City <p>approach in recent years. One of these cities which is the last divided capital city and one of the most important cultural heritages of the Mediterranean region in&nbsp; the island of Cyprus is the Nicosia Walled City. Within this study, the existing situation of pedestrianized areas in the Walled City in north Nicosia were examined. In literature review part, the importance of pedestrianization,&nbsp; reasons and benefits of pedestrianization, examples of pedestrianized areas/streets around the world&nbsp; are reviewed. The pedestrianized streets/areas in the north Nicosia Walled City were examined on-site, photographed, their current status was revealed and evaluated according to determined criteria. Each street/area was evaluated in terms of functions in the street, mobility, accessibility by car or public transportation, social/community activities, economic development and quality of physical environment. When the old city of Nicosia is analyzed in the context of these criteria, it has been observed that the pedestrianized areas have an increasing social, cultural and economical contribution to the city. In addition to its historical features, the places and activities that attract the people especially young population and tourists, bring life to this region. In terms of environmental aspects, visual incompatibilities were observed even in the streets where pedestrianization studies have been carried out recently. There are also problems about vehicle and pedestrian traffic that affect users. The study was completed by making suggestions at the end of the study.</p> <p><em>Keywords: pedestrianized streets, pedestrianized squares, Nicosia Walled City, Cyprus</em></p> Kozan Uzunoğlu , Semra Sema Uzunoğlu Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200 Challenges and Solutions for Organizational Design in Urban Digitalization <p>Digitalization in cities – often branded as smart city (SC) transition – carry the potential for highly inclusive, evidence-based decision making in urban planning, responding to the increasing pressures cities face. However, investments have thus far been slower to deliver the expected impacts. Thus, the attention of the discourse is turning towards organizational structures addressing complexity, scalability, and procedural challenges of SC transition. Given such turn has regime-challenging implications, there is a need for practice-based research in the niches of SC transition, supporting policymaking inductively. This study outlines the barriers inherent in conventional organizational models (public sector, private-supplier, and academic-professional) to SC transition, and makes a case for alternative models. The barriers are retrieved through an extensive literature review, and a series of focus groups with key stakeholders involved in SC transition, and processed as a design problem for a new organizational model. The final design is a nested platform model based on open innovation and a lean approach to urban planning. The paper concludes with a proof of concept to overcome organizational barriers, validated by the stakeholder focus groups.</p> <p><em>Keywords: urban planning, platform, open innovation, assessment, smart city, organizational models</em></p> Máté Szilárd Csukás, Viktor Bukovszki, András Reith Copyright (c) 2020 European Center of Sustainable Development Mon, 01 Jun 2020 00:00:00 +0200