From e-Learning 1.0 to e-Learning 2.0:Threats & Opportunities for Higher Education Institutions in the Developing Countries
education institutions (HEIs) is a global issue for individual researchers, institutions,
governments and societies as a whole. New technologies offer opportunities for the
developing countries to resolve their long standing problems of national/international
isolation and mass-education. Researchers are posting reports of positive results of e-
Learning applications around the world; however, using digital gadgets for teaching,
learning and education management is neither automatic nor devoid of challenges and
problems. There are both development and use problems for the developers, users and
institution. Broadly there are three e-Learning systems available to the HEIs: traditional
computer-based learning, blended learning and virtual learning with relative merits and
demerits but their choice is based on the availability of resources and professionalism.
Most of the developing countries (DCs) have started experimenting with traditional and
blended systems while developed world is practicing and researching the virtual systems.
This paper is an effort to portray a picturesque of the same evolution of e-Learning from
e-Learning 1.0 to e-Learning 2.0 in the HEIs of developing states like Pakistan. Critical
analyses and argumentation were the research tools used for examination and analysis and
to interpret the results of the analysis.
Keywords: HEI, ICTs, Traditional, Blended, and Virtual e-Learning, e-Teachers, e-