State and Prospects of Ukraine’s Implementation of HACCP to Implement EU Directives on Food Safety
Keywords:organizational measures, EU requirements, export, safety, food products
The purpose of the study is to develop recommendations for improving the organizational support of Ukraine's implementation of HACCP in the context of the implementation of EU directives on food safety. It is proved that the EU requirement for Ukraine to introduce the HACCP system by business entities in the food market eliminates barriers to the export of Ukrainian food products in the EU and US markets. It is argued that due to the fact that Ukraine has fulfilled all the formal requirements for adapting domestic legislation on the implementation of the HACCP system there was a reorientation of exporters from the CIS countries to the EU, and, as a result, the structure of exports has been improved. It is proved that in Ukraine the leaders in the implementation of the HACCP system are exporters of food products and food raw materials. It is proved that the problems of ignoring the implementation of HACCP are not uniform. This requires the use of fiscal, legal, administrative, and social and informational levers of influence on food market entities. It is proved that the application of the proposed model of organizational measures will contribute to solving the identified problems, especially if these measures are reinforced by strict sanctions for entities that offer dangerous, environmentally polluted food products to the market. Recommendations for improving organizational support for Ukraine's implementation of HACCP in the context of the implementation of EU food safety directives, unlike the existing ones, and which are a model of causally related solutions, whose the systematic implementation aimed at the emergence of a number of positive economic and social effects are developed. The application of the proposed model of organizational measures will contribute to solving the identified problems, especially if these measures are reinforced by severe penalties and decisions on revoking licenses for the right of conducting business activities by entities that offer dangerous, environmentally polluted food products to the market.
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