Possibilities of Soil Revitalization in Slovakia towards Sustainability
The quality of the environment in the Slovak Republic is considerably differentiated. Based on the comprehensive assessment of individual components of the environment, the territories with reduced quality of the environment (or some components of environment) were located in the process of environmental regionalization in the Slovak Republic. Damage and reduction of the environmental quality is mainly caused by anthropogenic activity and negatively influence the health and quality of life of the population living in these areas. To ensure sustainable development, it is necessary to eliminate negative impacts resulting from the reduced quality of the environment. The aim of this paper is to evaluate and propose options for soil revitalization in Slovakia, towards ensuring sustainability (especially in damaged areas). Soil recovery is now possible to perform using a variety of innovative and biological processes which are discussed in this paper. The realization of such soil revitalization could at least partially improve the current state of environmental quality (i.e. environmental sustainability) and, secondarily, in the quality of life and health of the population (social sustainability).
Keywords: Soil, revitalization, sustainability, environment