Urban Green Space Desirability Assessment, Environmental Justice: An Approach in cities Planning Towards Making Cities Sustainable
Cities planning have been lead to constructions with no attention on hygienic necessities especially in dense areas. Creating new land uses is necessity to response the urban needs and residents and resulted in green spaces decrease. It caused environmental pollutions. Attention to environmental problems has increased in urban development progresses. Sustainable, healthy and green cities formations are derived from environmental concepts. Parks have strategic importance to life conditions improvement. In addition to existence, desirability is considerable. This research has been done with the aim of Ahwaz green space desirability assessment which is 3rd IRAN extensive city. Desirability Indices have been selected as economic, social, safety and environmental from people and experts point of view. Assessment criteria are: proximity to rivers, residential, educational centers, facilities and equipments, cultural centers, compatibility to landuses, access to communication nets, high population density and percapita green spaces. Research statistical societies are 384 citizenry and 30 experts. Different indices were weighted by Expert Choice software in AHP model. Regions classification done in 5categories by data layers overlying in GIS as: very good to inappropriate. Social utility to green spaces improvement with 0.300 score in priority according to experts. Safety is preferred in accordance to citizenry and T model (0.603). All 4 areas except no.3 have deficiency. Center toward west has the best conditions to develop. These results can help planners significantly to understand, prioritize and solve cities problems.
Keywords: AHP model, Ahwaz, GIS, Green space locating, place desirability