The changes of the Population Structure and its Consequences in Selected EU Countries – Some Aspects
The analysis of the population structure allows to define many of socio - economic consequences. Demographic change (population ageing) in Europe is seen as a challenge for many policy areas: from family policy; through education, lifelong learning and labour market policy; to social protection systems, and pensions, health and long-term care in particular. Although the degree and speed of the population ageing in individual regions of Europe differ substantially, the consequences have an impact on the entire European Union. The article focuses on to the implications of the observed demographic trends for the labour market. Hence, the aim of this publication is to indicate the impact of demographic changes on the size of labour force in the selected UE countries. The quantitative and qualitative analyses were used herein and conducted based on data from Eurostat and the OECD Statistics statistical databases, taking into account demographic projections. Absolute Increases dynamics and indicators were the methods used for time series changes. The temporal scope of the analyses was largely determined by data accessibility.
Key words: labour force, labour market participation, demographic processes