Architecture as a Tool for Community Building in Two Different Islamic Cultures: Case of Masjid Pathok Negoro and Külliye
Masjid pathok negoro is a particular type of mosque found in Yogyakarta, Indonesia; while külliye is a type of Islamic building complex established in the Ottoman Period of Bursa in Anatolia (modern Turkey). Both of them are neighbourhood-scaled architectures which were built not only for religious purpose but also to develop the social environment around them.
This paper aims to compare and to analyse the similarities as well as the differences between masjid pathok negoros in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, and the külliyes in Bursa, Turkey. Both can be considered as architectures which act as tools for community building in each of their cultures. The main difference is that the külliyes were used for the creation of new settlements in Ottoman Period of Bursa, while masjid pathok negoros were used for the enhancement of the already-established settlements in the Sultanate of Yogyakarta.
Keywords: masjid pathok negoro; külliye; Yogyakarta; Bursa; community building